Discuss the different approaches you would take when completing a psychiatric interview with a child or adolescent client versus with an adult client with OSFED. Identify specific differences in interviewing techniques. Articulate the developmental differences you would take into consideration
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A psychiatric interview with a child or adolescent would be different from that of an adult with OSFED. Undoubtedly, care providers rely on psychiatric interviews to acquire useful diagnostic delineation of patient’s symptoms and characteristics. Undoubtedly, children might report their symptoms but cannot convey the timing and duration of their problems. Therefore, the technique to conduct psychiatric interviews with children and adolescents should be elaborate while demanding care providers to remain astute and conscientious in obtaining information from numerous sources and settings, including the child, parents, caregivers, and teachers (Srinath et al., 2019). In addition, a care provider should pay attention to the environment when interviewing a child or adolescent. In that regard, Srinath et al. (2019) suggest creating a child-friendly space such as using bright colors and making toys, objects, books, and play spaces available to avoid making them irritable and uncooperative during the psychiatric interview. Such techniques are not necessary when interviewing adults.
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As a care provider, I would consider developmental differences when interviewing a child or adolescent client with OSFED. Here, children with developmental delays might depict a lack of social skills and deficiency in speech (Brown et al., 2019). Therefore, while handling a child’s emotions is essential, the primary focus should be interacting with them at their developmental level. According to Srinath et al. (2019), a care provider should rely on the play method to observe the child’s behavior where they mainly engrave their experiences and methods. In the case of a difficult adolescent, establishing common ground by starting the interview on a neutral ground is critical since teenagers could be at a phase of developing their identities where they remain sensitive to disapproval. Such developmental difference considerations are not necessary when interviewing adults.
Brown, D. A., Lewis, C. N., Lamb, M. E., Gwynne, J., Kitto, O., & Stairmand, M. (2019). Developmental differences in children’s learning and use of forensic ground rules during an interview about an experienced event. Developmental psychology, 55(8), 1626. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000756
Srinath, S., Jacob, P., Sharma, E., & Gautam, A. (2019). Clinical practice guidelines for assessment of children and adolescents. Indian journal of psychiatry, 61(Suppl 2), 158. https://doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_580_18