Depression in Older Adults: An Annotated Bibliography
Akincigil, A. (2011). Diagnosis and Treatment of Depression in Older Community-Dwelling. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society , DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03447.x.
In this journal titled “Diagnosis and Treatment of Depression in Older Community-Dwelling”, the author, Akincigil, conducted a research study to examine emerging patterns of diagnosis and treatment of depression in older adults in the era of newer-generation antidepressants. The research was qualitative and involved interviewing older patients under treatment. Basically, of those diagnosed, the proportion received antidepressants increased from 53.7% to 67.1%, while the proportion receiving psychotherapy treatment declined from 26.1% to 14.8%. indeed the article is an eye opener of newer and effective methods that can be used to curb depression in older adults
Beyond Blue. (2015). Signs and Symptoms of Depression in Older People. Retrieved Jan 26, 2015, from Beyond Blue: http://www.beyondblue.org.au/resources/for-me/older-people/signs-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-older-people
The author of this article is Beyond Blue organization. Generally, the article outlines the various signs and symptoms of depression in older people. These signs symptoms are well classified under three major categories i.e. behavioral symptoms, thoughts and feelings. Physical symptoms are also outlined. Indeed the article is important for my research as it aids in the diognistic process. Furthermore, the article helps to distinguish between dementia and depression.
Duckworth, K. (2009, Oct). Depression in Older Persons Fact Sheet. Retrieved Jan 26, 2015, from NAMI: http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=By_Illness&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=7515
Duckworth in this article offers a comprehensive and detailed explanation of the issue of depression in older persons. To begin with, the article gives statistical figures that depression affects about 6.5 million Americans out of the 35 million aged above 65. The article goes further to explain why depression in older people always go untreated as well as the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment. The article is useful for my research as it shades more light on the issue at hand.
Jongenelis. (2014). Prevalence and risk indicators of depression in elderly nursing home patients: the AGED study. Journal of Affective Disorders , Volume 83, Issues 2-3, Pages 135–142.
This is a research article conducted by Jongenelis. In this article, the main objective was to explore the prevalence and risk indicators of depression in elderly nursing home patients. The researcher used a qualitative approach to conduct the research and he found out that prevalence of depression in elderly patients living in nursing homes was very high compared to those in the community. Infact, statistical findings show a GDS score >10. The article is significant as it explains why older persons in elderly care homes suffer from depression more than those living within the community,
McCrae. (2011, Nov). 'They're all depressed, aren't they?' A qualitative study of social care workers and depression in older adults. Aging Ment Health , 9(6):508-16.
This is a qualitative study conducted by McCrae. In this article, the researcher involved caregivers as participants. Twenty of them were picked and interviewed to shade more light on their experiences with depressed clients. The researchers found out that social causes were to largely blame for depression in older adults, hence the need for social interventions. Indeed the article is important as it helps to expound on the importance of social interventions in minimizing depression in older adults.
Meeks, T. W. (2011). A tune in “a minor” can “b major”: A review of epidemiology, illness course, and public health implications of subthreshold depression in older adults. Journal of Affective disorders , Volume 129, Issues 1-3, Pages 126–142 .
In this article, Thomas Meeks conducted a qualitative research to establish the epidemiology, illness course, risk factors for, and consequences of late-life depressive syndromes not meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for major depression or dysthymia. data was gathered from 181 studies and observation was made based on their outcomes. The researcher concluded that sub threshold prevalence was higher than major depression. The significance of the article is that it also helps to show that depression in older adults living in elder care homes is higher than that of individuals within the community.
National Institute of Health. (2010). Older Adults and Depression. Retrieved Jan 26, 2015, from National Institute of mental health: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/older-adults-and-depression/index.shtml
The article was published by the Nation Institute of Mental Health. It starts by defining what depression is and then goes on to give the three forms of depression which are; major depression, dysthymic disorder and minor depression. The article also outlines the signs and symptoms of depression in older adults, causes and treatment options. The article will be very useful in my research, as it puts more emphasis on how the society can contribute in giving care to the affected.
Rodda, J. (2011, July 28). Depression in older adults. Retrieved Jan 26, 2015, from BMJ: http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d5219
Just like some of the sources outlined, Rodda in her article explains the signs and symptoms of depression in older adults, causes and treatment options. However, the article points out an important fact about depression in older adults that it increases the risk of suicide. Lastly, the article proposes a combined treatment of psychosocial and drugs.
Royal College of Psychiatrists. (2014, Aug). Depression in Older Adults. Retrieved Jan 26, 2015, from Royal College of Psychiatrists: http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/healthadvice/problemsdisorders/depressioninolderadults.aspx
In this article “Depression in Older Adults”, Royal College of Psychiatrists focuses on methods through which older adults with depression can be helped. In order to achieve this, the article starts by first outlining the major causes, symptoms, effects and treatment options available. The article further goes on to outline how individuals can help themselves deal with the issue, but most importantly it outlines the role of the society by citing examples of elderly care homes where individuals with depression can receive help.
Terresi, J. (2011). Prevalence of depression and depression recognition in nursing homes. Springer.
This was a qualitative research study conducted by Jeanne Teresi . basically, the study aimed at exploring the prevalence of depression and depression recognition in nursing homes. Participants were randomly sampled totaling 319nursing home residents. The results showed that the prevalence estimate for probable and/or definite major depressive disorder among testable subjects was 14.4 % (95 % CI of 10.6 %–19.3 %). Therefore, it was concluded that the prevalence of depressive disorders among nursing home residents was high. Based on this, I consider the article useful in my future research as it will shade more light on root cause of this observation in nursing/elderly care homes.